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4 edition of A measure of the fractional utilization of aerobic capacity in middle-distance runners found in the catalog.

A measure of the fractional utilization of aerobic capacity in middle-distance runners

A measure of the fractional utilization of aerobic capacity in middle-distance runners

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  • 8 Currently reading

Published .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Respiration,
  • Running -- Physiological aspects

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby Christopher Alexander Briggs.
    The Physical Object
    FormatMicroform
    Paginationvii, 45 leaves.
    Number of Pages45
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL13552246M
    OCLC/WorldCa1343594

    Purpose: To examine the development of performance, physiological and technical capacities as well as the effect of sport background among runners, kayakers and rowers when transferred to cross-country (XC) skiing over a 6-month training s: Twenty-four endurance athletes (15 runners and 9 rowers/kayakers; 15 men and 9 women) were tested for performance, physiological and technical The purpose of present study was to assess the relationship between anaerobic threshold (AT) and performances in three different distance races (i.e., 5 km, 10 km, and 10 mile). AT, $$\dot V$$ O2 max, and related parameters for 17 young endurance runners aged 16–18 years tested on a treadmill with a discontinuous ://

    Aerobic Measures. Running economy (RE) was conducted at two standardized running velocities on a level grade (0%). After a warm up, subjects ran for 5 minutes each at kmh −1 and kmh − uptake (VO 2) and HR during the final 3 minutes of each trial were recorded and ts reported RPE at the end of the 3 rd and 5 th :// Training for sports performance requires the development of multiple fitness components within the same program. In this context, training strategies that have the potential to concomitantly enhance metabolic and musculoskeletal fitness are of great value for athletes and coaches. The purpose of this manuscript is to review the current studies on high-intensity functional training (HIFT) and

      Strength training in female distance runners: impact on running economy. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Resea Jones AM, Carter HC (). The effects of endurance training on parameters of aerobic fitness. Sports Medic Jung AP (). The impact of resistance training on distance running :// In elite sporting codes, the identification and promotion of future athletes into specialised talent pathways is heavily reliant upon objective physical, technical, and tactical characteristics, in addition to subjective coach assessments. Despite the availability of a plethora of assessments, the dependence on subjective forms of identification remain commonplace in most sporting codes. More


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A measure of the fractional utilization of aerobic capacity in middle-distance runners Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. A measure of the fractional utilization of aerobic capacity in middle-distance runners. [Christopher Alexander Briggs]   Distance running performance is largely dependent upon aerobic factors, including maximal oxygen uptake (\(\dot{V}\) O 2 max), running economy (RE) and the fraction of \(\dot{V}\) O 2 max utilized over a given distance (Bassett and Howley ; Brandon ).Although the variability in distance running performance can largely be explained by \(\dot{V}\) O 2 max in heterogeneous groups of Costill et al.

and Costill, Thomason, and Roberts found that the fractional utilization of VO2 at a standard running speed to be an important measure in predicting V̇O2 capacity in good distance   Training the Aerobic Capacity of Distance Runners: A Break From Tradition Article in Strength and conditioning journal 33(2) April with Reads How we measure 'reads' Quantification of aerobic determinants of performance in post-pubertal adolescent middle-distance runners Article (PDF Available) in European Journal of Applied Physiology (8) June with The markedly reduced occurrence of Europeans in the list is not due to them necessarily running slower now than earlier.

It is simply related to the fact that runners from East Africa in particular now run so much faster (IAAF, ; Matthews, ).The performances of Kenyan men in middle‐ and long‐distance events at the Olympic games, world championships on track and world cross Costill DL, Thomason H, Roberts E.

Fractional utilization of the aerobic capacity during distance running. Med Sci Sports. Winter; 5 (4)– Daniels J, Oldridge N. The effects of alternate exposure to altitude and sea level on world-class middle-distance runners.

Med Sci Sports. Fall; 2 (3)– Davies CT, Thompson ://   Performance in marathon running is influenced by a variety of factors, most of which are of a physiological nature.

Accordingly, the marathon runner must rely to a large extent on a high aerobic capacity. But great variations in maximal oxygen uptake V̇O2 max have been observed among runners with a similar performance capacity, indicating complementary factors are of importance for ://   Because VO 2max is a measure of aerobic fitness, it is a valid predictor of distance running performance28, 31, For instance, Costill et al.

28 reported a strong inverse correlation (r = ) between VO 2max and mile run time, that is, runners who possessed higher VO 2max values were able to complete a mile run ://   Physiological variables, such as maximum work rate or maximal oxygen uptake (V̇O2max), together with other submaximal metabolic inflection points (e.g.

the lactate threshold [LT], the onset of blood lactate accumulation and the pulmonary ventilation threshold [VT]), are regularly quantified by sports scientists during an incremental exercise test to ://    Treadmill Running Test.

The subjects were familiarized with treadmill running before the PRE measurement. The test was performed on a motorized treadmill (ORK, Ohtake Root Kogyo, Japan) set at 1% grade, which accurately reflects the energetic cost of outdoor running [].The subjects consumed a light meal at least 3 h before the test, and during the 3 h preceding the test only ad LONG-DISTANCE runners have higher concentrations of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and lower levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, triglycerides, blood pressure, and adiposity relative to sedentary individuals.

Prior discussions of intensity have focused on comparing moderate ( metabolic equivalents or kJ/min) with vigorous physical activity (>6   Costill DL, Thomason H, Roberts E. Fractional utilization of the aerobic capacity during distance running.

Med Sci Sports. Winter; 5 (4)– [Google Scholar] Daniels J, Oldridge N. The effects of alternate exposure to altitude and sea level on world-class middle-distance runners. Med Sci Sports. Fall; 2 (3)– The great potential of speed endurance training also for exercises lasting more than 10 min is illustrated by the finding in a study by Iaia et al.

that 10‐km performance was unaltered despite the training distance was reduced by 65%, when trained runners switched from regular aerobic training to only speed endurance :// Gary Krahenbuhl was for 30 years a professor of kinesiology and is now professor emeritus associated with the School of Nutrition and Health Promotion, Arizona State University.

Gary did research Pollock, M.L.: Submaximal and maximal working capacity of elite distance runners. Part I: Cardiorespiratory aspects.

Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences – (). Kumagai et al. 33 showed that aerobic training increased the lactate threshold, with a concomitant improvement in both endurance and middle-distance performance.

Individuals with greater endurance capacity have faster oxygen kinetics. 34 The higher values of lactate thresholds in the highly trained subjects may reflect more efficient peripheral ?script=sci_arttext&pid=S (). The contribution of selected variables to middle a long distance runs performance.

The effects of training on heart rate: a longitudinal study. The energetics of middle distance running. The influence of weekly training distance on fractional utilization of maximal aerobic capacity in marathon and ultramarathon Background: Due to the importance of energy efficiency and economy in endurance performance, it is important to know the influence of different paddling cadences on these variables in the stand-up paddleboarding (SUP).

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of paddling at different cadences on the energy efficiency, economy, and physiological variables of international SUP race   Abstract The aims of this study were to determine if the primary time constant (τ) for oxygen uptake ([Vdot]O2) at the onset of moderate-intensity treadmill exercise is related to endurance running performance, and to establish if τ could be considered a determinant of endurance running performance.

Thirty-six endurance trained male runners performed a series of laboratory tests, on separate. T.M. Barber, S. Franks, in The Ovary (Third Edition), Physical Fitness. A useful measure of physical fitness is the “VO 2 max.” This is a measure of maximal aerobic capacity.

There is controversy in the literature regarding VO 2 max in women with PCOS. In one study, this measure of physical fitness is equivalent between women with PCOS and age- and BMI-matched controls [], while Efforts to understand human physiology through the study of champion athletes and record performances have been ongoing for about a century.

For endurance sports three main factors – maximal oxygen consumption, the so‐called ‘lactate threshold’ and efficiency (i.e. the oxygen cost to generate a give running speed or cycling power output) – appear to play key roles in endurance The sport of basketball exposes athletes to frequent high intensity movements including sprinting, jumping, accelerations, decelerations and changes of direction during training and competition which can lead to acute and accumulated chronic fatigue.

Fatigue may affect the ability of the athlete to perform over the course of a lengthy season. The ability of practitioners to quantify the